Outdoor Air and Health in Jamaica
Air pollution is one of the most important environmental threats to urban populations and while all people are exposed, pollutant emissions, levels of exposure, and population vulnerability vary across neighborhoods. Exposures to common air pollutants have been linked to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and premature deaths.
Health Burden: Fine Particles (PM2.5)
Estimated health events attributable to PM2.5 exposure over natural background levels in NYC (average annual rate per 100,000 residents).
Health Burden: Ozone (O3)
Estimated health events attributable to ozone exposure over natural background levels in NYC (average annual rate per 100,000 residents).
Heating Fuel Emissions
Estimated annual boiler emissions per km2 as of January 2015. Calculated using heating fuel type on NYC boiler permits and estimates of boiler activity.
Outdoor Air Pollutants
Estimated annual average concentrations calculated from a model that used NYC Community Air Survey measurements.
Outdoor Air Toxics
Estimated annual average concentrations of known carcinogens that are part of a class of pollutants also known as hazardous air pollutants.
Estimated millions of annual vehicle miles traveled per square mile. Vehicle miles traveled is an indicator of emissions from automobile exhaust, brake wear and tire wear.
Jamaica includes ZIP Codes: insert ZIP codes .